Sailors have always been happy singing, whether to make the day go faster or keep the work going steady. The Royal Navy banned the use of shanties, or work songs, on their ships, but sailors would sing when given an opportunity. Most often this meant dancing, singing, and skylarking on the forepeak, the ideal respite after a day of hard work.
The songs would either be a jig or reel from their hometowns; something fast and straightforward to dance along with. At other times they were strong, heartfelt ballads about their lives, or historical events.
These songs often complained about their hard life at sea, praised the bravery of the seamen, or lamented their poor treatment by their superiors. What was more usual, though, were songs about what they missed while at sea; freedom, or more likely — a woman. England was aiding Spanish forces in their fight against revolutionary France.
It is almost impossible to determine when the song was penned. The sailors are sorry to leave the exotic Spanish women behind and to be trapped again in a wooden ship, blindly feeling its way home.
Lyrics can be found here. The first verse gives a clear description of who Ben Backstay was, an angry Boatswain who cheerily wrought havoc on the sailors, with whips and beatings. Towards the end of the song, it turns into a humorous warning not to mix your spirits, as it can make it too easy to get drunk.
There is little written about the exact origin of this version of the song, but it likely dates from the early 19th century. It was written by Charles Dibdin, who wrote another song by the same name, but with an entirely different story. It details the early rise and eventual demise of Napoleon Bonaparte Boney. Its origin is unknown, but it was possibly written, and later sold, by a broadside ballad writer within a few months of the French defeat at Waterloo. Broadside Ballads were the radio of their day.
Songs written and printed quickly, purchased for a few pennies, and taught on the spot. These songs would travel around the country, some gaining popularity.
This one became particularly popular among naval and merchant sailors alike. The merchant sailors liked it as a short haul shanty, a work song used for pulling on a line. The Navy sailors enjoyed it because it probably annoyed their officers. Songs like these became an ever-present backdrop to the lives of Royal Navy sailors in the early 19th century. Most of the seamen of the time took refuge in song; it built relationships with their shipmates and often provided a good laugh.In contrast to formal courts-martial, Article 15 procedures in the U.
These are the most common type of disciplinary proceeding in the armed forces and are usually limited to minor violations. A more serious offense will be handled through a formal court-martial.
If a service member does not want to accept Article 15 penalties, they can request a court-martial, but this may result in more severe consequences. A service member should discuss the pros and cons of going to a court-martial with an attorney. Read more here about courts-martial. Technically, imposing penalties under Article 15 in the Army and the Air Force requires proof of a violation beyond a reasonable doubt.
Imposing penalties under Article 15 in the Navy and the Marines, by contrast, requires clear and convincing proof, which is a lesser standard. In reality, commanders often do not carefully consider the meaning of various standards of proof in imposing penalties. A military service member may be able to have their record of an Article 15 violation removed if they do not commit any more violations for a certain time.
This might be two years if the Article 15 was filed at the Judge Attorney General office on a military base. Otherwise, an Article 15 violation can affect their future access to security clearances, as well as their chances of obtaining a promotion or certain types of assignments.
Sometimes getting a promotion can wipe out a record of an Article 15 violation as well. If you were arrested during the events that resulted in Article 15 penalties, you may face consequences in your civilian life.
This is because arrests may be reported to the FBI. You can ask your commander to help you ask the FBI to remove the record of your arrest, or you can submit a request under privacy laws.
As noted above, Article 15 does not result in a criminal record, so you should not face the same types of obstacles that people with convictions in a civilian court often face. An Article 15 case may be referred to a less formal type of court-martial, known as a summary court-martial.
If you do not want your case to be decided at a summary court-martial, you have the right to refuse it. You do not have a right to a free military defense attorney in a summary court-martial, as you would in other types of courts-martial, but you can hire a civilian defense attorney if you choose.
You can see the evidence against you before the proceedings begin, as well as the nature of your charge and the names of your accuser and prosecution witnesses. You can ask for a spokesperson or other service members to speak on your behalf. However, a single officer will evaluate the evidence and make a decision. They will question both the accuser and the accused about their version of events, and they can ask for legal advice from a judge advocate if needed.
Military service members have a limited set of rights at a summary court-martial. They will be allowed to present witnesses and evidence, and they are free to remain silent without an inference of their guilt. They have a right to know the maximum possible sentence before the proceedings begin, and they can plead guilty or not guilty. They also have a right to make a statement or present further evidence to support a reduction in their penalties if they are found guilty.
They can ask to defer any part of their sentence that involves confinement. They have a right to appeal if they are found guilty, using a copy of the trial record. The Military Rules of Evidence apply in these proceedings, so there are limits on the admissibility of evidence that are similar to the limits in civilian courts. Last updated June Military Law Contents. Impact of Article 15 A military service member may be able to have their record of an Article 15 violation removed if they do not commit any more violations for a certain time.
Summary Courts-Martial An Article 15 case may be referred to a less formal type of court-martial, known as a summary court-martial. Military Law. Military Criminal Justice System. Article Appealing from a Court-Martial. Clemency Requests.The U. Navy has seen dramatic changes since its establishment on 13 October in technology, personnel, and operations.
Customs and traditions in the Navy can be official and formal, such as the precedence of forces in paradesor an unofficial rite of passage, such as crossing the linewhich is marked by a certificate and ceremony. In addition to the Crossing the Line certificate, a Sailor can be the recipient of a number of other unofficial Navy certificates that mark such rites as passage as the dubious honor of The Royal Order of Whale Bangers, or the proud designation as a plank owner — an individual who was an original member of a crew when the ship was placed in commission.
Shipboard ceremonies are hallowed and solemn events that can mark change of command ; honors, national anniversaries, and solemnities that include manning the rails and tending the side ; the twenty-one gun salute ; burial at sea ; and ship launching and commissioning. The naming of new ships has its own history and traditions that date back to an act of Congress.
Although rarely used in modern times, the tradition of striking the flag is a universal indicator of surrender connected with the larger traditions of the laws of naval warfare.
The customs and traditions of the U. Navy are cherished rites that tie together generations of Sailors with a common bond. They reflect the true story of the Navy, and honor a shared legacy of pride, history, and heritage. Naval History and Heritage Command.
Print Friendly. Social Media. Toggle left navigation Nav. Toggle navigation Menu. Toggle navigation. Navy Women in the U. Navy Hispanic Americans in the U. Navy Contributions of American Indians to the U. Navy Uniforms of the U. S Navy Uniforms of the U. Naval Academy The U. Benson Admiral Robert E.
Coontz Admiral Edward W. Eberle Admiral Charles F. Hughes Admiral William V. Pratt Admiral William H. Standley Fleet Admiral William D.
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Sherman Admiral William M. Fechteler Admiral Robert B. Carney Admiral Arleigh A. Burke Admiral George W. Anderson Jr. Admiral David L.It was composed in by Charles A. Zimmermann with lyrics by Alfred Hart Miles. Miles was Midshipman First Class at the Academy, in the class ofand had asked Zimmermann to assist him in composing a song for that class, to be used as a football march.
Another Academy Midshipman, Royal Lovell class oflater wrote what would be adopted into the song as its third verse. Old Dutch sailors' expression, to get the anchors lifted. Dutch and Flemish were dominating sailors' expressions all over the world. To "weigh anchor " is to bring it aboard a vessel in preparation for departure.
The phrase "anchors aweigh" is a report that the anchors are clear of the sea bottom and, therefore, the ship is officially under way. Navy won the game 10—0 before a crowd in excess of 30, their first win in the match up since The song was gradually adopted as the song of the U. Navy; although there is a pending proposal to make it the official song, and to incorporate protocol into Navy regulations for its performance, its status remains unofficial. Lottman note the reference to "farewell to college joys".
Its melody was also slightly rewritten by Domenico Savino. The song has a joyful, brisk melody, and it has been adopted by several other navies around the world, such as the Finnish Navy. In addition to being bandmaster at the Naval Academy, Zimmerman was also the organist at St.
Mary's Catholic Church in Annapolis, and the opening notes of the melody to Anchors Aweigh bear a marked similarity although in a different tempo to the opening of the ancient Marian hymn Salve Reginawith which Zimmerman would have been thoroughly familiar.
Bing Crosby included the song in a medley on his album Gang Songs Many arrangements of "Anchors Aweigh" exist today, one arrangement by Paul V. Yoder often sees use by military bands, such as those of the Japan Self-Defense Forces and other nations' militaries.
Stand Navy down the field, sails set to the sky; We'll never change our course, So Army you steer shy-y-y-y. Roll up the score, Navy, anchors aweigh! Sail Navy down the field and sink the Army, sink the Army grey! Stand, Navy, out to sea, Fight our battle cry; We'll never change our course, So vicious foe steer shy-y-y-y. Sail on to victory And sink their bones to Davy Jones, hooray!
Anchors Aweigh, my boys, Anchors Aweigh. Farewell to college joys, we sail at break of day-ay-ay-ay. Through our last night on shore, drink to the foam, Until we meet once more.
Here's wishing you a happy voyage home.There are two types of product reviews: customer reviews and order reviews. Before your can receive either type of product review, you must turn them on individually. If you turn on order reviews, customers who didn't review the product(s) they purchased will receive an email inviting them to do so by clicking a link that leads to the appropriate page. There is no difference between reviews submitted proactively and reviews submitted in response to automated request emails.
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The probable pitchers are Lance McCullers for the Astros and Yu Darvish for the Dodgers. This Matchup report has your MLB pick of the day as well as MLB odds for the game.
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The probable pitchers are Yu Darvish for the Dodgers and Lance McCullers for the Astros. We have included an expert pick and parlay for todays game against the spread. This matchup report incudes betting lines and our pick of the day for this game. The probable pitchers are Dallas Keuchel for the Astros and Clayton Kershaw for the Dodgers.
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The probable pitchers are Luis Severino for the Yankees and Justin Verlander for the Astros. The probable pitchers are Clayton Kershaw for the Dodgers and Jose Quintana for the Cubs. The probable pitchers are Alex Wood for the Dodgers and Jake Arrieta for the Cubs.
The probable pitchers are Dallas Keuchel for the Astros and Masahiro Tanaka for the Yankees. The probable pitchers are Yu Darvish for the Dodgers and Kyle Hendricks for the Cubs. This game report has an MLB pick, betting odds, and trends for tonights key matchup.
The probable pitchers are Lance McCullers for the Astros and Sonny Gray for the Yankees. The probable pitchers are Charlie Morton for the Astros and CC Sabathia for the Yankees.
This report has odds and your MLB predictions for todays game against the spread. The probable pitchers are Jon Lester for the Cubs and Rich Hill for the Dodgers. The probable pitchers are Jose Quintana for the Cubs and Clayton Kershaw for the Dodgers. The probable pitchers are Masahiro Tanaka for the Yankees and Dallas Keuchel for the Astros. The probable pitchers are Kyle Hendricks for the Cubs and Stephen Strasburg for the Nationals. All of these articles are written by our talented staff.Now, as she studies for both a medical degree and a Ph.
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A striking window into the life of a resistance fighter against ISIS and his dashed hopes and dreams. Much conventional wisdom about the human body is based on erroneous 19th-century science.
Some much-needed, if unsolicited, advice on gift-giving for the holidays. Derek Thompson, Alice Roth, and Jackie Lay Dec 8, 2017 About the Author Megan McArdle is a columnist at Bloomberg View and a former senior editor at The Atlantic. Her new book is The Up Side of Down. Haunting archival footage complicates the legacy of a monument in Georgia.
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